Prosecutors Turn Sam Bankman-Fried’s Own Words Against Him

When the cryptocurrency exchange FTX was riding significant, Sam Bankman-Fried, the enterprise founder, communicated with the general public in a relentless torrent of tweets, Television set interviews and pronouncements in entrance of Congress.

Now as Mr. Bankman-Fried testifies at his fraud trial in Manhattan, those people words and phrases have arrive back to haunt him.

On Monday, a federal prosecutor bombarded the disgraced crypto mogul with thoughts as he took the stand for a 2nd day of testimony in federal court. Over four several hours, Danielle Sassoon, the prosecutor, grilled Mr. Bankman-Fried about inconsistencies involving his general public statements and how he ran his crypto empire in advance of it collapsed spectacularly in November.

Mr. Bankman-Fried, 31, carrying a light gray match and purple tie, answered in curt “yeps” or “nos,” eschewing the in some cases-winding statements he gave at other details in the trial. In some cases rocking again and forth in his chair, he insisted that he couldn’t try to remember substantially of what he experienced said publicly, including about FTX’s handling of consumers deposits and the conflicts of interest that plagued his firms.

“I’m not guaranteed,” Mr. Bankman-Fried responded above and more than, as Ms. Sassoon requested about statements he experienced created when he was main executive of FTX. “I can’t remember,” he reported at other details.

The cross-examination exposed cracks in Mr. Bankman-Fried’s statements, dealing a probably serious blow to his reliability with the jury of 9 gals and three adult males who will determine his destiny. On a huge projector monitor, Ms. Sassoon shown statements that appeared to demonstrate Mr. Bankman-Fried indicating a person point in general public, then performing differently in private. Right after owning him recount FTX’s outreach to federal government officers in Washington, Ms. Sassoon questioned him to repeat personal messages in which he used an expletive to dismiss regulators as ineffective.

Mr. Bankman-Fried’s testimony was the most expected instant of the demo, which has shined a spotlight on hubris and rampant risk-taking throughout the crypto business. As soon as the facial area of crypto’s efforts to woo the community, Mr. Bankman-Fried is now extensively as opposed to some of the most notorious fraudsters in recent history, together with Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of the failed blood-tests start off-up Theranos.

Having the stand was risky. Legal defendants usually steer clear of testifying so that prosecutors really do not have a chance to query them. But the initial handful of months of the trial were being so harming for Mr. Bankman-Fried, as a procession of federal government witnesses testified that he lied to the general public and stole from FTX shoppers, that he was still left with several other options to salvage the case.

In December, federal prosecutors charged Mr. Bankman-Fried with orchestrating a sweeping plan to steal as substantially as $10 billion from FTX’s clients. They mentioned he had used the cash on extravagant initiatives, together with undertaking funds investments, political contributions and luxury genuine estate buys in the Bahamas, wherever FTX was based mostly. Mr. Bankman-Fried was also accused of creating a solution again door in FTX’s code that permitted a hedge fund he founded, Alameda Research, to seize billions of dollars in shopper cash.

He has pleaded not responsible to seven counts of fraud, conspiracy and funds laundering, and could facial area what amounts to a existence sentence if convicted.

Not extensive after FTX imploded, a few of Mr. Bankman-Fried’s closest associates — Caroline Ellison, Nishad Singh and Gary Wang — pleaded responsible to fraud and agreed to cooperate with the govt, hoping for lenient sentences. All three have testified in opposition to Mr. Bankman-Fried at the demo, telling the jury that they lied and stole for a long time at his behest.

Mr. Bankman-Fried took the stand on Friday to notify his side of the tale. Less than questioning from his own lawyer, he forged himself as a hardworking founder who was overcome by his responsibilities and permit major business enterprise concerns go unaddressed. He denied that he experienced fully commited fraud, and blamed his colleagues for quite a few of the issues that led to FTX’s collapse.

On Monday, it was the prosecution’s change to talk to issues. The courtroom was packed with spectators, together with Mr. Bankman-Fried’s moms and dads — the regulation professors Joe Bankman and Barbara Fried — and Damian Williams, the leading federal prosecutor in New York. Ms. Sassoon’s mother also attended.

Ms. Sassoon targeted lots of of her queries on Mr. Bankman-Fried’s comments in interviews, in congressional testimony and on Twitter. She pressed him on inconsistent statements he had made around the yrs about his famously unkempt hair, and pointed out his recurrent use of personal planes, suggesting that his ostensibly humble life-style was a general public relations performance. The private flights cost a total of $15 million, Ms. Sassoon stated.

She also grilled him about interviews he gave before FTX collapsed, in which he insisted that Alameda had no special privileges as a purchaser trading on the trade. Around the very first three weeks of the demo, the prosecution’s witnesses testified that the opposite experienced been true, and that Mr. Bankman-Fried experienced channeled billions of bucks to Alameda.

At a person level, Ms. Sassoon walked to the witness stand and offered Mr. Bankman-Fried with a duplicate of “Number Go Up,” a new e book about crypto by the Bloomberg Information reporter Zeke Fake. She pointed to an interview in the ebook in which Mr. Bankman-Fried appeared to contradict his preceding claims, acknowledging that Alameda experienced distinctive privileges.

Ms. Sassoon requested if looking at the ebook refreshed Mr. Bankman-Fried’s memory of that acknowledgment. “No, it does not,” he replied.

Ultimately, Mr. Bankman-Fried, who is anticipated to return to the stand on Tuesday, designed some concessions. He acknowledged that Alameda had a $65 billion line of credit rating with FTX, effectively allowing it to borrow limitless resources. The 2nd-premier credit rating line, which FTX experienced with a different agency, was $150 million, he claimed.

But about and around, Mr. Bankman-Fried reported he could not remember different statements about Alameda and FTX that reporters experienced attributed to him. He did not examine all the posts, he stated, and he often objected to the reporting.

“I disagreed with mainly each article published about me” just after FTX collapsed, he mentioned.

Mr. Bankman-Fried stated he also could not try to remember lots of of the essential moments in the narrative that prosecutors experienced introduced about the fall of FTX. He reported he did not recall telling a previous colleagues to transfer to Alameda some of the $2 billion that FTX had raised from venture funds companies. Prosecutors have charged that Mr. Bankman-Fried misappropriated income from FTX’s undertaking traders as properly as its clients.

At one particular position, Ms. Sassoon requested Mr. Bankman-Fried whether he recalled building statements about the great importance of safeguarding shopper funds. He hemmed and hawed, inevitably indicating he couldn’t keep in mind.

“I built a whole lot of community statements,” he reported.

Then Ms. Sassoon showed the jury a tweet that Mr. Bankman-Fried had posted about that correct challenge.

“And, as normally, our users’ money and safety come first,” he had composed.